When we all think of tragic moments in our lives we think of something that is sad. Sometimes it is a loss or a bad thing happening to a good person. However, we never really thought of a tragedy to have a positive result, which can be prominent in some types of literature.
In the simplest form of tragedy it is someone who experiences something bad and at first may not know how to cope with it because of the severity of the situation. "Tragedy is characterized by seriousness and involves a great person who experiences a reversal of fortune" (Tragedy, Wikipedia). What sticks out in this quote is the "reversal of fortune". Not only does it mean something horrible has happened but it also reveals that literature tends to focus on a person having mostly fortunate moments throughout the course of his or her life. Once a character experiences tragedy it seems enhanced and made worse since it would feel like the lowest point in their life. By reading about tragic moments in other characters lives, we are able to learn how the overcome their tragedy and how it makes them stronger towards the stories end.
If we were to expand more into tragedy we would also notice that there can be different types. One of these types, revenge tragedy, can be very important to the plot of a story. "The revenge tragedy is a dramatic genre in which the protagonist seeks revenge for an imagined or actual injury" (Revenge Tragedy, Wikipedia). Revenge tragedy reveals what happens after the tragic moment happens. It is one of the most common ways we see characters deal with tragedy. If someone feels wronged by another person, a way of dealing with that could be seeking revenge. Of course seeking revenge is not really the best way to cope with something tragic, but telling a story that uses this allows the reader to learn from mistakes the character's make. Everyone has to deal with tragic moments and tragedy has been evident in lives for hundreds of years. By comparing tragedy throughout time we can also see how it evolves and learn how to deal with our own tragic moments.